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The American Civil War's Unknown Soldiers:


2011 marks the 150th anniversary of the Civil War.

Photos in the Library of Congress, Donated by Tom Liljenquist. The Library of Congress is displaying several hundred of the photos.

Liljenquist wanted the public to have access to the photos, so the unsung heroes of the American Civil War would not be forgotten.

At least 618,000 Americans died in the Civil War, and some experts say the toll reached 700,000. The number that is most often quoted is 620,000. At any rate, these casualties exceed the nation's loss in all its other wars, from the Revolution through Vietnam.

The Union armies had from 2,500,000 to 2,750,000 men. Their losses, by the best estimates:
Battle deaths: 110,070
Disease, etc.: 250,152
Total 360,222

The Confederate strength, known less accurately because of missing records, was from 750,000 to 1,250,000. Its estimated losses:
Battle deaths: 94,000
Disease, etc.: 164,000
Total 258,000

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New estimate made of Civil War dead

Published: Sept. 21, 2011 at 7:46 PM

Reenactment of the Battle of Bull Run marks the 150th anniversary of the start of the Civil Way in Manassas
An injured Union solder is taken from the battle field during during the reenactment of the Battle of Bull Run at Brawner Farm in Manassas, Virginia on July 24, 2011. This event marked the 150th anniversary of the the first major battle of the Civil War. UPI/Kevin Dietsch 


BINGHAMTON, N.Y., Sept. 21 (UPI) -- An analysis of historic census figures reveals the death toll in the U.S. Civil War was higher than previously estimated, a historian says.

J. David Hacker of Binghamton University in New York says the war's dead numbered about 750,000, an estimate 20 percent higher than the commonly cited figure of 620,000, a university release reported Wednesday.

Many historians agree the 620,000 estimate is flawed, as neither the Union nor the Confederacy kept standardized personnel records.

"There are also huge problems estimating mortality with census data," Hacker said. "You can track the number of people of certain ages from one census to the next, and you can see how many are missing," but people are routinely undercounted, he said.

read full article on UPI.com