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April 2015

Abraham Lincoln’s body arrived in New York City, April 24, in 1865,

A young teenage boy went to pay his respects and, gazing on the deceased President’s face, he was so moved that he got back in line to see it again.

This was quite an endeavour since the funeral in New York was meant to outmatch everything that had happened before. 
And with a grand viewing just a day earlier in Philadelphia, where the open casket was placed inside Independence Hall and next to the Liberty Bell, where Lincoln had vowed four years earlier that he would rather be assasinated than give up his principles, it was not an easy thing to do.

Yet, New york City, proved itself to be The Grand and organized a funeral that was so spectacular that it drew more than 500.000 visitors - roughly 200.00 more than Philadelphia - and the waiting lines were long.

Abraham Lincoln was 23 hours in New York and the young boy, mentioned earlier, by the name of Augustus did not care about the wait. He just waited.
Much slower than on his first visit youmg Augustus shuffeled by the open casket to once again take a long look at the deceased President’s face.
And he never forgot what he had seen!

32 years later, young Augustus - by then well known as the sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens - created what is nowadays known as “the most important Lincoln Statue of the 19th century”… the Standing Lincoln or, as he named it “Lincoln: The Man”.

It can be seen in Chicago’s Lincoln Park, at Lincoln’s tomb in Springfiel, IL and in London where it faces Parliament Square.

Apparently it proves to take a second look.

The Clothes That Abraham Lincoln Was Wearing The Day He Was Shot

The Clothes That Abraham Lincoln Was Wearing The Day He Was Shot

The night Lincoln was assassinated, he attended Ford’s Theatre wearing the frock coat, waistcoat, trousers, tie and boots pictured here. Black with little adornment, the suit was typical for a well-dressed man of 1865. Both the suit and size 14 shin-high boots are testimony to Lincoln’s height. At 6 feet 4 inches, he is to this day America’s tallest president.

From The Civil War Parlor on Tumblr

Anesthesia Inhaler


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Illustration: The Chisolm Pocket Ether or Chloroform Inhaler byTiemann

Dr. Julian John Chisholm invented a 2.5 inch inhaler, the first of its type. Chloroform was dripped through a perforated circle on the side onto a sponge in the interior; as the patient inhaled through tubes, the vapors mixed with air. This new method required only one-eighth of an ounce of chloroform, compared to the old two-ounce dose. 

The usual method of soaking a handkerchief with chloroform wasted the liquid as it evaporated.

From the Civil War Parlor on Tumblr

Battle Hymn of the Republic - 33rd Illinois

Battle Hymn of the Republic from John Fulton on Vimeo.

The 33rd Illinois Volunteer Regiment Band performed The Battle Hymn of the republic at the 59th Lincoln Tomb Observance at the Oak Ridge Cemetery in Springfield, Illinois. Saturday, April 11, 2015. The 33rd uses vintage istruments and traditional arrangments, true to the period of the Civil War. The event is sponsored by the S.U.V.C.W AND THE M.O.L.L.U.S.


The celebration

"Associated Press Report. REJOICING. NEW YORK, April 10. The announcement of Lee's surrender last night, created the greatest excitement in this city, and impromptu illumination of many private dwellings quickly followed; the streets were filled with people, hurrahing, singing and dancing with joy. We have to-day received dispatches from almost every city, village and hamlet in the country, showing that the same joy prevails throughout the land.

"CHICAGO, April 10. The stores, courts and public offices are nearly all closed to-day. Business is entirely suspended and the day given up to rejoicing over the news ... The enthusiasm to-night is at fever heat...

"CINCINNATI, April 10. By orders from the War Department two hundred guns were fired at noon today. The city is lively with excitement, and very little business is doing ...

"WASHINGTON, April 10. The Departments are all closed to-day, and everybody is keeping the holiday. Secretary Stanton expresses the opinion that there will be no more heavy fighting ...

"INDIANAPOLIS, April 10. A salute of 200 guns was fired here to-day. But little business has been done — the citizens generally celebrating the day.

"DETROIT, April 10. ... At 3 o'clock thousands of people assembled ... (and) sung the "Star Spangled Banner" and other patriotic airs ... The city is most brilliantly illuminated."

From the Associated Press and ABC News

Terms of surrender


"It is understood that the men of Lee's army are to be paroled and allowed to return to their homes. They gave up everything in their hands, but last night they destroyed large amounts of property in the shape of wagons, gun carriages, baggage, papers ... The number of Lee's forces is put down at about twenty thousand men. Very few guns are in their possession, as they have abandoned nearly all they did not lose in action ... The rank and file of Lee's army are said to be well satisfied to give up the struggle, believing that they have no hope of success, but say that if Gen. Lee had refused to surrender, they would have stuck to him to the last. ... to-day they are at liberty to proceed to their homes or elsewhere as they chose ..."

From the Associated Press and ABC News

Civil War veterans of waterloo, Illinois remembered


Photos by Civil War Family

WATERLOO, IL (KTVI) 04/09/15 – This week marks the 150th anniversary of the end of the Civil War. A 16-year-old Waterloo Illinois boy is completing a Civil War project that ties the past with the present. 100 veterans from the war that divided this country are buried at 4 different cemeteries in Waterloo. Boy Scout Shane Douglas is making sure those veterans are not forgotten. Douglas said, “The hardest part is trying to make sure we know where all the graves are at.”

This is Douglas’ Eagle Scout project. He’s placing a brand new plaque on graves of veterans. He’s learned that a lot of history happened in his own backyard. The teen said, “There were some confederates stealing horses in this area and they caught them and they end up actually hanging them.”

99 of the graves hold the remains of Union veterans. Only one is a Confederate. That man moved here from Arkansas after the war. Waterloo’s Mayor Tom Smith has pitched in, helping raise funds to pay for the grave markers. Smith said, “This is a great history lesson couldn’t be any prouder for him.”

After 150 years of rain, snow and all kinds of weather. Some of the graves are damaged or unreadable. Under Shane’s leadership and with the help of many citizens he’s looked at local cemetery maps and genealogy information to find all the graves. Laura Douglas is Shane’s mother, “I’ve always been interested in genealogy and history and he’s taken after that it’s a big project for him.” Mike Douglas is the boy’s father, “Extremely proud of all the things he’s been able to accomplish in scouts not just this.” Shane said his goal is simple, “Increase awareness that we actually have civil war veterans that helped affect our nation’s history.”

The last skirmish


April 9, 1865

"Early this morning Sheridan attacked vigorously, and for some time a brisk engagement was carried on. About nine a.m. a flag-of-truce appeared in front of his line and he was informed that hostilities had been suspended in order to arrange terms of surrender. This was caused by an agreement ... General Sheridan's Adjutant ... was allowed to come through the rebel column to communicate ... that he knew of no such arrangement, and that he was about to move forward in accordance with his previous intentions. Gen'l Lee, however, sent another message, desiring to have an interview with General Grant, to arrange the terms of surrender, and General Meade was thus obliged to grant a two hours armistice in order to communicate with Gen'l Grant ... The two hours expired without any result and the second corps ... had commenced to advance, when word came to halt, General Grant consenting to see General Lee, and discuss the matter ... greatest excitement prevailed throughout our lines, cheer upon cheer rending the air ... "

 From the Associated Press and ABC News