Every year in the State of Sao Paolo, in the City of Americana, Brazil, the locals host a festival called the Festa Confederada. The women wear American Antebellum style dresses while the men often dress as Civil War Era Confederate soldiers. They eat Southern food, they dance to Southern music, and they fly the Stars and Bars (Confederate flag). On occasion they may even have a Civil War re-enactment. The only thing they lack is a heavy Southern drawl as most of the people are native speakers of Portuguese.
An oddity to find in South America for sure, there is a logical explanation to this madness. It all goes back to April of 1865, when Union forces occupied the South and forced the Confederacy to surrender, there were many who were not willing to give in to the Union. Many others had their land confiscated or their property totally destroyed by the war. Many had nowhere to go.
That year Emperor Dom Pedro of Brazil wanted to encourage the cultivation of cotton in Brazil, and he knew of thousands of people with the resources and expertise to do it. He began to offer special insentives for immigrants from the former Confederacy to move and settle in Brazil. This included subsidies on travel, cheap land, and tax breaks. More importantly in Brazil slavery was still legal and would not be abolished until 1888.
Between 1865 and 1875 ten to twenty thousand former Confederates made a home at Americana, Brazil. There they set up a community that was an almost exact copy of the pre-Civil War antebellum South. Because of their culture and heritage, they became known as the Confederados. At first the Confederados were a very insular group, interacting little with the Brazilians and fiercely maintaining their own culture. However the third generation descendants of the Confederados began to break with tradition, intermingling with the Brazilians and eventually intermarrying with them. Today Confederado decedents are little different from regular Brazilians, except perhaps when they host their Festa Confederada.