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October 2013

The Orphaned Children Of General John Bell Hood


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The Orphaned Children Of General John Bell Hood~
All 10 Children Were Eventually Adopted By Families In Several Different States.

After the Civil War, General John Bell Hood (for whom Ft. Hood is named) moved to Louisiana and became a cotton broker and worked as a President of the Life Association of America, an insurance business. In 1868, he married New Orleans native Anna Marie Hennen, with whom he fathered 11 children over 10 years, including three pairs of twins. He also served the community in numerous philanthropic endeavors, assisting in fund raising for orphans, widows, and wounded soldiers. For awhile he flourished. But his insurance business was ruined by a yellow fever epidemic in New Orleans during the winter of 1878–79 and he succumbed to the disease himself, dying just days after his wife and oldest child, leaving 10 destitute orphans. These are those children.

After Hood died, this photo was published as a plea for funds to provide for them. Every Picture Sold Adds to the Permanent Fund for the Education and Maintenance of these “Wards of the South.” Sold under the Auspices of the Hood Relief Committiee, New Orleans

Credit Sandy Billingsley Forwarding Story From Credit SourceTraces of Texas facebook. Original Source Credit to Robert Wilson.

From the Civil War Parlor

Wyatt Earp And The Civil War


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Wyatt Earp has been the subject of and model for a large number of films and tv shows, biographies and works of fiction that have increased his mystique. Earp’s modern-day reputation is that of the Old West’s "toughest and deadliest gunman of his day". An extremely flattering, largely fictionalized, best-selling biography published after his death created his reputation as a fearless lawman.  Until the book was published, Earp had a dubious reputation as a minor figure in Western history.

1861-62-Brothers NewtonJames, and Virgil joined the Union Army on November 11, 1861. While his father was busy recruiting and drilling local companies, Wyatt, along with his two younger brothers, Morgan and Warren, were left in charge of tending 80-acre (32 ha) corn crop. Only thirteen years old, Wyatt was too young to enlist, but he tried on several occasions to run away and join the army. Each time his father found him and brought him home. James was severely wounded in FredericktownMissouri, and returned home in summer 1863. Newton and Virgil fought several battles in the east and later followed the family to California.

Photo Credit: John Rose, Wyatt Earp with his mother, Virginia Ann

Portrait of Wyatt Earp taken sometime between 1869 and1871 Credit: Craig A. Fouts Collection. Info: American Experience, WIKI

From The Civil War Parlor

Emma Kline - spy

In 1864, 20 year old Vicksburg resident Emma Kline was arrested by the Union occupiers of the city for the crime of smuggling. She was one of a group of women in the city that was engaged in smuggling much needed supplies out of Vicksburg and into "Rebeldom" the area east of the Big Black River still held by the Confederacy. The Union authorities had a photograph made of Kline with two of her captors, both members of the 5th Iowa Infantry. Emma Kline's brother stated years later that the Yankees published a woodcut engraving of the picture in the newspapers as a warning to others that would engage in smuggling.

From Civil War Talk

Hawaii Sons Of The Civil War


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Forgotten History- Hawaii Sons Of The Civil War - 119 Soldiers From Hawaii Participated In The Conflict, Many In The Union Army And Some In The Confederate Navy~ 
Many Hawaiians Served Under Different Names That Were Easier To Pronounce

When the first shot of the American Civil War was fired at Fort Sumter off the coast of South Carolina, nearly six thousand miles away, the Kingdom of Hawaii was a sovereign, developing nation. Hawaii’s close relationship economically, diplomatically, and socially with the United States ensured that the wake of the American Civil War reached the Hawaiian Islands. Diplomatic decisions were required and domestic politics took a major turn. Hawaiian property and citizens became casualties of war, sugar began its rise as the economic king, and hundreds of people from Hawaii and elsewhere in the Pacific world served in the Armies and Navies of the Union and Confederacy.

Henry Ho‘olulu Pitman was the son of High Chiefess Kino‘ole-o-Liliha of Hilo and Benjamin Pitman, originally from Boston.  Pitman mustered into the Union Army as a private in 1862.  He was captured near Fredericksburg, Virginia and sent to Libby Prison then Camp Parole where he died of an illness in 1863.  He was only 17 years of age.

Allan Brinsmade was raised in Koloa, Kaua‘i and enlisted as a private in the Confederate Army in 1861.  He fought at the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863 and was discharged later the same year as a 2nd lieutenant.  He temporarily served as Captain and may have lost a hand during the war.

Documentary: Fund Raiser For Sons Of The Civil War

From The Civil War Parlor on Tumblr

This week in the Civil War for October 13 1863

Photo from Wikipedia

Confederate fighter A.P. Hill abruptly encountered two columns of Union soldiers at Bristoe Station, Va., and attacked, 150 years ago this week in the Civil War. The Associated Press, in a dispatch Oct. 11, 1863, cited Union forces as saying they had suspected Hill and his corps was lurking in an area near the Blue Ridge mountains. And indeed it was so.

When fighting erupted at Bristoe Station on Oct. 14, 1863, Union soldiers quickly took defensive positions behind an embankment of Virginia's Orange & Alexandria railroad. Despite the pounding they received, the Union columns successfully fended off Hill's assault before withdrawing once fighting ended toward Centreville, Va. Hill also retreated, tearing up a section of the railroad regularly used by Union forces.

But Hill's defeat at Bristoe Station left a black spot on his reputation and angered Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee. Meanwhile, AP reported that about 900 new conscripts were traveling this week from New York and Vermont for training in the Washington area to bolster Union forces depleted by heavy fighting at Gettysburg and elsewhere in 1863.

From ABC News and The Associated Press

The death of Robert E. Lee

The United States flag flew at half-mast when Robert E. Lee died!


The New York Times reported:

(Intelligence was received last evening of the death at Lexington, Va., of Gen. Robert E. Lee, the most famous of the officers whose celebrity was gained in the service of the Southern Confederacy during the late terrible rebellion.)---New York Times, October 13, 1870.

Read more at:

October 12th is the 143rd anniversary of the passing of Robert E. Lee whose memory is still dear in the hearts of many people around the world.

General Lee died at his home at Lexington, Virginia at 9:30 AM on October 12, 1870. His last great deed came after the War Between the States when he accepted the presidency of Washington College, now Washington and Lee University. He saved the financially troubled college and helped many young people further their education.

Continue reading "The death of Robert E. Lee" »

Kate Warne Pinkerton Detective


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 1856 —Kate Warne Is Hired By Pinkerton And Becomes The First Female Detective In The U.S.  ~Speculation online that the above photo is a picture of Kate with Pinkerton. (There is no evidence to support this claim) or identify the person with their hand on the pole. There are no photographs of Kate Warne. 

Described by Allan Pinkerton as a slender, brown haired woman, there is not much else known about Kate Warne prior to when she walked into the Pinkerton Detective Agency in 1856.  

"was surprised to learn Kate was not looking for clerical work, but was actually answering an advertisement for detectives he had placed in a Chicago newspaper. At the time, such a concept was almost unheard of. Pinkerton said " It is not the custom to employ women detectives!" Kate argued her point of view eloquently - pointing out that women could be "most useful in worming out secrets in many places which would be impossible for a male detective."  ~Allan Pinkerton

The Plot to Kill Lincoln~

She was one of several operatives sent to Baltimore to uncover the plot to kill Lincoln, going undercover as a Southern belle and infiltrating the Barnum Hotel’s social circle, allowing her to confirm a plot wand offer key details. She then coordinated the operatives and devised a scheme to get Lincoln safely to Washington. Allan Pinkerton specifically thanks two people in his memoirs; Kate Warne and Timothy Webster,  Pinkerton constantly showed a deep trust in the work that Warne performed and acknowledges so in his memoirs.

Kate Warne did not survive long after the Civil War. She suddenly caught pneumonia on New Year’s Day, 1868, and died on the 28th with Pinkerton at her bedside. She is buried in the Pinkerton  family Plot in Chicago Illinois’  Graceland Cemetery. She was 38. buried January 30, 1868.

More on Kate Here WIKI: 

Find a Grave : 

From the Civil War Parlor.



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Photo of Marie Tepe from Find A Grave site.


Vivandiere is patterned after European practice, these women , usually soldier's wives or officers' daughters, were unofficially attached to a Regiment in the field to perform various camp and nursing duties. They were also known as daughters of a regiment and were found in both Confederate and Federal units. Typically, they served with regiments of immigrant soldiers and wore a stylized uniform patterned after that of the regiment, particularly Zouave units. Some were armed with swords, rifles, and revolvers, but very few followed their regiments into combat."

Federal vandieres included Susie Baker (33rd USCT), Sarah Beasley (1st Rhode Island), Kady Brownell (1st Rhode Island), Molly Divver (7th New York), Bridget Divers (1st Michigan Cavalry), Anna Etheridge (2nd, 3rd, and 5th Michigan), Hannah Ewbank (7th Wisconsin), Elizabeth Cain Finnan (81st Ohio), Augusta Foster (2nd Maine), Martha Francis(1st Rhode Island), Ella Gibson (49th Ohio), Virginia Hall (72nd Pennsylvania), Lizzie Clawson Jones (6th Massachusetts), Sarah Taylor (1st Tennessee U.S.), Mary Tepe (27thth and 114th Pennsylvania) and Eliz Wilson (5th Wisconsin).

The Southern ranks included Eliza "Lide" Carico (10th Kentucky Partisan Rangers), Lucy Ann Cox (13th Virginia), Lucina Horne (14th South Carolina), Jane Claudia Johnson (1st Maryland C.S.), Leona Neville (5th Louisiana), Mary Ann Perkins (Gardes Lafayette, Mobile, Alabama), Rose Rooney (15th Louisiana), Betsy Sullivan (1st Tennessee C.S.A.), and Lavinia Williams (1st Louisiana).

From: "Webb Garrison's Civil War Dictionary" by Webb Garrison, Sr. and Cheryl Garrison, Cumberland House, Nashville, Tennessee,2008, pages332-333.

 From Civil War Talk