The first national flag of the Confederacy was the Stars and Bars (left) in 1861, but it caused confusion on the battlefield
"Everybody wants a new Confederate flag," wrote George Bagby, Southern Literary Messenger editor. "The present one is universally hated. It resembles the Yankee flag and that is enough to make it unutterably detestable."
Its replacement was nicknamed the Stainless Banner (centre) and it incorporated General Lee's battle flag, designed by William Porcher Mills
A third national flag, nicknamed the Bloodstained Banner (right) was adopted in 1865 but was not widely manufactured
After the war, the battle flag, not any of the national ones, lived on