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January 2013

This week in the Civil War for January 27, 1863

Naval Blockade of CharlestonPicture from Georgia Info

Confederate ironclads harass Union blockade of Charleston.

Two Confederate ironclad rams, the CSS Palmetto State and the CSS Chicora, unleash a surprise assault Jan. 31, 1863, on Union forces blockading Charleston, S.C., where the Civil War began in 1861.

The Palmetto rammed one Union ship, firing into the vessel and disabling it. The other ironclad went for a second Union ship, showering it with enough artillery shells that it had to be towed away. After trading fire with Union foes for a while, the low-slung Confederate rams retreated to the safety of Charleston Harbor with only minor damage.

The action of the Confederate vessels briefly harass the Union blockade of Charleston harbor — part of a larger effort to shut off Confederate ports from supplying themselves with arms, ammunition and other goods through the aid of blockade runners. Charleston would immediately fall back under the blockade after the attack. Also this week 150 years ago in the Civil War, Confederate newspapers crowed over the South's success in recently stopping Union Maj. Gen. Ambrose Burnside from crossing the Rappahannock River toward Richmond, Va., seat of the secessionists. Burnside's offensive bogged down in thick mud after heavy winter rains, prompting him to be sacked shortly after the abortive expedition in January 1863.

"Yankee Army Stuck in the Mud," boasted one headline in the "Daily Constitutionalist" newspaper of Augusta, Ga. It added: "The Yankees were prevented from crossing the Rappahannock owing to the impassable conditions of the roads. Our correspondent says that it was impossible to draw an empty wagon through the dreadful mud. The whole army was stuck fast."

From ABCNews Go and the Associated Press

George R. Yost Joined the Crew of the U.S.S. CAIRO

George R. Yost Joined the Crew of the U.S.S. CAIRO on January 25, 1862, at the Age of Fourteen.

He was 4’ tall, had grey-blue eyes, sandy hair, and a fair complexion. On the CAIRO’s muster roll he is listed as First Class Boy. George served on the CAIRO during the entire course of her career which, unfortunately, lasted less than one year. On December 12, 1862, the U.S.S. CAIRO became the first man-o-war sunk by a torpedo.

George Yost writes that he was among the last to leave the sinking vessel, and states, “I saved my Journal and part of my clothes” Thanks to the foresight of George Yost, we have today an invaluable source of information about the career of the U.S.S. CAIRO and her crew. The Journal has survived and with it the details of day-to-day activities on board the Civil War Gunboat … told through the words of a fourteen year-old sailor.

From the Civil War Parlor

Buster Keaton - Mooching Through Georgia [1939]


Two old soldiers, Jeb and Homer, chat about the Civil War. Homer tells his story of being a Kentucky youth, who enlists with the South only to discover that his brother has joined the Blues. He's captured and his brother frees him, then the tide turns and it's Homer who has to rescue his brother. When the North retakes the town, Homer must use all his wits - and a few short logs of wood - to save himself. Have he and Jeb met before?

Directed by Jules White, who is best known for his work with the Three Stooges

Synopsis from the Internet Movie Database

This week in the Civil War for January 20, 1863

Union Maj. Gen. Ambrose Burnside attempts a winter offensive in the Virginia countryside, later dubbed the "Mud March," 150 years ago during the Civil War.

It would go down in failure. The abortive military campaign was intended to boost the flagging morale of the Union's Army of the Potomac and restore Burnside's reputation after his bruising defeat at the Battle of Fredericksburg in December 1862. The offensive began in mild weather on Jan. 20, 1863, but a night of heavy rain bogged down Union attempts to place a pontoon bridge across the Rappahannock River for troops and weapons to cross.

Instead, Burnside's forces found themselves bogging down in mud along the riverbank amid rebel sniper fire and the campaign had to be called off. Many in the Army of the Potomac emerged demoralized and despairing after the latest failed campaign. And the grumbling of some of Burnside's officers reached the ears of President Abraham Lincoln, then desperate to find a military leader who could smash the Confederate army. In a matter of days, Burnside would be sacked, replaced by Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker at the helm of the Army of the Potomac.

The Associated Press reported on Burnside's departure Jan. 26, 1863, in which he saluted his officers and troops a last time at his headquarters. . Burnside acknowledged that while victory had not been gained on his watch, his forces had shown "courage, patience and endurance." He added to the troops: "Continue to exercise these virtues, be true in your devotion to your country, and the principles you have sworn to maintain. "

This series marking the 150th anniversary of the Civil War draws primarily from wartime dispatches credited to The Associated Press or other accounts distributed through the AP and other historical sources.

from ABC News and the Associated Press

The flag above my house

The Flag Above my House.

Above the farm house,on the post of the shelter, where I "parked" my chuckwagon I have a flag. A rebel flag.

The 3rd flag of the Confederacy. The first that I had flying was the Naval confederate flag, but the last storm took that one.

Now where we live, this flag is no sign of racism or hatred, actualy like in the Old days! For me it's the flag that reminds me of my hobby as a re-enactor of the Civil War and the Old West. The people that pass by our house probably think I'm a trucker and love country music.

It's interesting how many "Rebel" flags you see on Western Weekends, Dutch and German Western theme parks. And still, none of them has anything to do with hate or racism.

For Europeans it mostly "the Other American Flag". For history buffs like me it is a bit more......

O, and I'm not a trucker, Im a sign maker, but I love American Country music!!

Alphons Schoots

Three Sons of West Virginia Civil War Soldier Still Survive Today

Three Sons of West Virginia Civil War Soldier Still Survive Today 2012

As unlikely as that seems, the three are among 36 known sons and daughters of Civil War soldiers who are still alive. On the Confederate side of things,( as of 2011 ) the United Daughters of the Confederacy and Sons of Confederate Veterans knew of about 40 living sons and daughters of Confederate veterans. Three individuals recently passed away.

Three sons of a Civil War soldier, Charles Parker Pool, who served in Company D of the 6th West Virginia Infantry during the Civil War are still alive today and living in Missouri.

Ernest (1918), William (1925) and Garland Pool (1927) are the three survivors of their father who was a Ritchie County, West Virginia native. They are the sons of Charles and Clara Pool. Clara, Charlie’s third wife, was 27 when she married her husband in 1915. Charles was 71 at the time.

Pool enlisted in the 6th West Virginia Infantry, a regiment that served as guards along the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad through their entire duty.

Charles was wounded in the left leg during the war. His leg was amputated above the knee. He reportedly never spoke of his Civil War Service. He died in 1933 at age 89. The boys’ mother died in 1990.

From the Civil War Parlor

This week in the Civil War for January 13, 1863

Skirmishes continue in Arkansas this week 150 years ago in the Civil War, a week after major fighting in the region.

The skirmishing follows a Union victory over Confederate forces garrisoned at Fort Hindman in Arkansas during fighting Jan. 9-11, 1863. The skirmishing takes place in spots including Lick Creek and DeValls Bluff and Frog Bayou in the days after the major battle. But such small-scale engagements pose little significance in the larger scope of the war.

Skirmishes would continue sporadically in Arkansas throughout the coming months of the war. Meanwhile, this week brings attention in the North to the fact that hundreds of thousands of soldiers are expected to finish their service and be eligible to leave the Union army by May. That report in Northern newspapers the second week of January prompts speculation in Richmond, Va., capital of the Confederacy, that the Union may seek to employ freed blacks for military service.

Eventually in March 1863, President Abraham Lincoln will be prompted to sign his government's first Conscription Act. Also this week, Northern newspapers quote an Associated Press report as saying there are signs the Union's Army of the Potomac is again "in motion." The reports indicate Union Gen. Ambrose Burnside's troops are again afoot in northern Virginia. But details are sketchy and the report raises worries in the Confederacy that a renewed attempt may be afoot by the Union to advance toward Richmond.

From ABC News Go and The Associated Press

The South’s Orneriest General

On the night of Jan. 3, 1863, Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg began withdrawing his Army of Tennessee from the Stones River battlefield. Bragg had won an impressive tactical victory three days earlier when he attacked Gen. William Rosecrans’s Army of the Cumberland near Murfreesboro, Tenn., but when the Confederates renewed their attacks on Jan. 2, the tough Union soldiers had held firm.

Although some of Bragg’s subordinates supported his decision to withdraw, the retreat angered many of the officers and men because it was the second time Bragg had withdrawn after winning an initial tactical victory. The decision was just one of many controversial moments that plagued the orneriest, most divisive general in the rebel army.

Read the full article at the New York Times

Four Blackfeet Chiefs visit the Robert E. Lee Soldiers Home


A contingent of Blackfeet leaders from Glacier National Park, likely in Washington on tribal business visited the Confederate veterans home in Richmond on May 19, 1914. All have signed the book with their pictograph as follows:
CHIEF EAGLE CALF Also known as John Ground. (CHIEF) 
Two Guns White Calf (1872-1934), a Blackfoot chief, is best remembered as a model for the “Buffalo Nickel.” The face which appears on the nickel was actually a composite image made from the likenessesof three Native Americans, including Two Guns. Designed by James EarleFraser, the coin was first issued in 1913. Two Guns always maintained that he was indeed the sole model for the image on the coin and gained celebrity for this association. He was, for many years, the public face of Northern Pacific Railroad, whose advertisements billed him asthe model for the coin, and a major attraction for the tourists who visited Glacier National Park. 


From Scott Winslow and Associates

This week in the Civil War for January 6, 1863

The days of Jan. 9-11, 1863 witness fierce fighting in Arkansas, 150 years ago during the Civil War. There, Confederate forces arrayed along the Mississippi River at Fort Hindman harass Union river trade and shipping on the vital waterway.

As 1863 opens, Union troops land nearby in a coordinated offensive and head toward the Confederate defenses, forcing the rebels back from their initial positions in trench works. Union vessels launch raking artillery fire at Fort Hindman, a prelude to an infantry attack. Ultimately on Jan. 11, 1863, the Confederate command surrenders. More than 6,500 dead, wounded or missing are reported in the wake of the Union victory in Arkansas County.

But the offensive does little to aid Union commanders increasingly anxious to overrun Vicksburg, Miss., and gain a greater grip on the Mississippi River corridor. The Associated Press this week reports initial accounts of the fighting in Tennessee days earlier, at the outset of the New Year.

AP reports federal troops have cleared rebel forces on the roads around Murfreesboro, Tenn., after fierce fighting and what was described by one correspondent as "a terrible slaughter." The fighting at the outset of 1863 comes as the nation gets set to enter its third year of the conflict.

From ABC News Go and the Associated Press