- Confederate States of America (CSA)
Also called 8th (Looney's) Tennessee Infantry, Provisional Army of Tennessee
38th Regiment, Tennessee Infantry (Looney's) (8th Infantry)38th Infantry Regiment, formerly the 8th (Looney's) Regiment, was organized at Camp Abington, Fayette County, Tennessee, in September, 1861. The men were recruited in the counties of Shelby, Madison, and Wilson. Members of Company G were from Alabama, and Company H, later F, contained men from Georgia.
During December it was at Knoxville with 988 men but only 250 arms. As most of these were worthless, the General commanding the department did not allow the unit to participate in the Battle of Fishing Creek. Later it was involved in the conflicts at Shiloh and Perryville. It then was assigned to General M.J. Wright's, Strahl's, Palmer's Brigade, Army of Tennessee.
During the summer of 1863 the 22nd Tennessee Infantry Battalion merged into the regiment. It was active from Murfreesboro to Atlanta, endured Hood's winter operations, and ended the war in North Carolina. The unit lost thirty percent of the 282 engaged at Murfreesboro, and there were 264 in action at Chickamauga.
Only a handful surrendered on April 26, 1865. The field officers were Colonels John C. Carter and Robert F. Looney; Lieutenant Colonels Andrew D. Gwynne, Edward J. Golladay, and Hugh D. Greer; and Majors Hardeman A. Abington, Hamilton W. Cotter, and David H. Thrasher.from Tennesseans in the Civil War